surgical journal if one is not available, so they can better share their
research and best practices.
With proper help, time, dedication, and, most importantly, good
intentions and perseverance, health care providers can help build
advanced surgical programs, such as renal transplantation, advanced
laparoscopy, HPB surgery, and esophageal surgery, in a developing
nation. It is important to keep in mind that the care of the patients
of the host country should be no different than that in the U.S. It is
advisable to provide care only for those cases with which the surgeon
is comfortable, and it is also important to ensure that patients can be
cared for by the local clinicians when a surgical team, like the one
described in this article, has departed the country. The work that we
have accomplished in Kurdistan is a testament of the effective and
meaningful effect that can be achieved through collaboration with
major stakeholders. ♦
The authors would like to acknowledge the AHPBA and its Foundation,
IHPBA, Operation Hope, the World Surgical Foundation, the Kurdish
Regional Government, Willis-Knighton Medical Center, Louisiana State
University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Vsee, Eye Consultants of
Texas, and our countless host colleagues. We also want to acknowledge the
assistance and support of the following individuals: the late U. S. Army Lieutenant Colonel Mark Weber; Roger Lindley, cinematographer and director;
and Nicolas Thompson; Thai LaGraff; Monirul Islam, MD; Yvette Sanchez;
Beverly Wright; and Shelly Humphrey, who provided technical assistance.
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al. Global surgery 2030: Evidence and
solutions for achieving health, welfare,
and economic development. Lancet.
2. Wikipedia. List of Middle East countries by
population. Available at: en.wikipedia.org/
population. Accessed April 5, 2016.
3. Lawrence Q. Invisible Nation. How the
Kurds’ Quest for Statehood Is Shaping Iraq and
the Middle East. New York, N Y: Walker &
4. Izady MR. The Kurds: A Concise History and
Fact Book. New York, N Y: Taylor & Francis;
Syrian refugee camp
in Kurdistan (photos
courtesy of VSee).
OCT 2016 BULLETIN American College of Surgeons
OUTREACH IN KURDISTAN, IRAQ