Dr. Zibari and Dr. Chu (left and right, respectively, upper left photo) operate on a young man with a painful extremity
sarcoma that did not respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. He underwent a successful quarter amputation.
and other organizations. Through the years, the team
has been able to achieve a number of notable accomplishments, including the following:
•Developed the resources, personnel, and facilities needed
to offer basic and advanced laparoscopic operations.
The first laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed
in Duhok in 2005. Laparoscopic cholecystectomies
are performed more than 80 percent of the time over
open cholecystectomies. Other advanced laparoscopic
operations now include adrenalectomy, splenectomy,
nephrectomy, Nissen fundoplication, gastric sleeve resection, and gynecologic procedures.
•Established a living-related renal transplantation pro-
gram. More than 1,500 renal transplantations have been
performed since Dr. Zibari established the program in
June 2004. Today, an average of two renal transplants
are done weekly in Duhok, and four are done in Erbil.
• Trained local surgeons to perform complex neurosurgical procedures such as craniotomy for temporal
lobe tumor, resection of sphenoid wing meningioma,
and spinal decompression/stabilization for traumatic
• Trained local surgeons to perform complex HPB and
oncologic operations such as the Whipple procedure,
major liver resections (central hepatectomy, formal
lobectomy), radical cholecystectomy, esophagectomy,
and gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy; and the team
introduced them to modern technology and surgical
devices such as the Ligasure, staplers, and modern laparoscopic instruments.