FRANKLIN MARTIN, MD, FACS,
FOUNDER OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS
NOV 2016 BULLE TIN American College of Surgeons
FROM THE ARCHIVES
On August 8, 1934, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt traveled by train to Rochester, MN, to pay tribute to William J. Mayo, MD, FACS,
and his brother Charles H. Mayo, MD, FACS, both for
their many contributions to the science of medicine
and for their service to their country in the military.
This visit—which brought a world leader to the
comparatively small city of Rochester—highlighted
the importance of the Mayo brothers’ work and gave
global attention to the Mayo Clinic and its founders.
President Roosevelt spent the day visiting the clinic,
followed by lunch at Charles Mayo’s Mayowood estate
and a broadcast speech at Soldiers Field Veterans
Memorial. He then had a short ride down the
Mississippi River on William Mayo’s yacht, the North
Star, before his return train trip to Washington, DC.
Military heritage at the Mayo Clinic
Both Charles and William Mayo joined the U.S.
Army Reserve 10 years before the start of World
War I.* During the war, they both served at the
rank of colonel. Each Mayo brother had military
leadership roles in developing a military hospital
with the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis;
neither physician served overseas. They worked
closely with American College of Surgeons
(ACS) founder Franklin H. Martin, MD, FACS, in
establishing the College and in the war effort by
serving on the Advisory Commission to the Council
for National Defense.† Both Charles and William
Mayo were promoted to rank of brigadier general
in the U.S. Army Reserve following World War I.
The historic link between the
ACS leadership and the military
by Norman M. Rich, MD, FACS, COL(RET) USA;
David R. Welling, MD, FACS, COL(RET) USAF;
Frederick C. Lough, MD, FACS, COL USA;
and Eric A. Elster, MD, FACS, CAPT MC USN
Colonel William Mayo (left) and Colonel Charles Mayo (right) in World
War I (photo courtesy of Dr. Oliver H. Beahrs and the Mayo Clinic)
*Clapesattle H. The Doctors Mayo. University of Minnesota Press, MN; 1975.
†Kernahan PJ. Drs. William J. Mayo and Franklin H. Martin:
Leaders in establishing the College’s unique identity. Bull Am Coll Surg.
2016;101( 7): 53-54.