FROM THE ARCHIVES
Fellowship in the College,
establishing a connection that
endures to this day. The voyage
also helped to solidify the
friendship between Dr. Mayo
and Dr. Martin and to overcome
any ill feelings resulting from Dr.
Mayo’s editorial role on the AMA’s
new journal, Archives of Surgery.
Their New Zealand and
Australian “vacation,” as
Dr. Martin referred to it, in 1924
had similar far-reaching results.
The warm public reception
throughout both countries
owed much to the star quality of
the Mayo name, to Dr. Mayo’s
embarrassment and Dr. Martin’s
chagrin. More significantly,
their visit inspired leading
surgeons in both countries
who were considering their
own surgical association.
A year later, several Australian
surgeons visited Rochester,
MN, after receiving College
Fellowships. While on Dr.
Mayo’s boat, the North Star,
they obtained characteristically
succinct advice: “My boy[s],
go home and found your own
College.” 4 So they did—the Royal
Australasian College of Surgeons.
The last act
By the early 1930s, an aging
Dr. Martin faced growing criticism
of his leadership, particularly
from a new generation of full-time teachers of surgery. Perhaps
Dr. Mayo’s greatest contribution
to the College was to use his own
leadership transition at the Mayo
Clinic to encourage Dr. Martin
to accept a succession plan. 5 Only
Dr. Martin’s death a few months
later disrupted the transition. ♦
The author gratefully acknowledges
the assistance of Adam Carey,
Archivist, and Dolores Barber,
Assistant Archivist, ACS Division of
Member Services, and Renee Ziemer,
coordinator; and Nicole Babcock,
archives specialist, W. Bruce Fye
Center for the History of Medicine,
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
1. Fye WB. The origins and evolution
of the Mayo Clinic from 1864–1938.
Bulletin of the History of Medicine.
2. Correspondence from William J.
Mayo to George Stewart, January 2,
1918. Archives. American College of
Surgeons 1913–1918. WJM Papers,
3. Martin FH. South America From a
Surgeon’s Point of Vie w. New York,
N Y: Revell; 1922.
4. Masterton J. A brief history of
the Royal Australasian College of
Surgeons. 2005. Available at: www.
History(JM).pdf. Accessed January
5. Nahrwold DL, Kernahan PJ. A
Century of Surgeons and Surgery:
The American College of Surgeons,
1913–2012. Chicago, IL: American
College of Surgeons; 2012.
Drs. Martin (far left), William Mayo (third from right), and Charles Mayo (far right) on the North Star