•Physicians educating elderly patients using material that
highlights the increased risk for burns and how minor burns
can lead to death
•Education about appropriate water heater temperature of
•Caution when handling hot liquids
•Use of alternate forms of accelerant other than gasoline
•Recommendation to use electric rather than flame candles
•Promotion of safe cooking practices without the use of
•Public education about the risk of burn and death when
smoking while on oxygen
• Education on safe cooking and bathing practices for people
with seizures, syncope, and history of falls
• Reminders for people with diabetes mellitus or any cause of
decreased sensation to keep in mind the following:
Ȗ Never walk barefoot on hot days
Ȗ Never warm their feet in hot water or with heaters
Ȗ Report even minor burns or injuries
to their physician ♦
Barsun A, Sen S, Palmieri TL, Greenhalgh DG. A ten-year
review of lower extremity burns in diabetics: Small
burns that lead to major problems. J Burn Care Res.
2013; 34( 2):255-260.
Greenhalgh DG. Management of the skin and soft tissue
in the geriatric surgical patient. Surgical Clinics of North
America. 2015; 95( 1):103-114.
Ramos-e-Silva M, Boza JC, Cestari TF. Effects of age
(neonates and elderly) on skin barrier function. Clinics
Dermatol. 2012; 30( 3):274-276.
Zouboulis CC, Makrantonaki E. Clinical aspects and
molecular diagnostics of skin aging. Clinics Dermatol.
2011; 29( 1): 3-14.
Metabolic changes in the elderly that increase mortality after burns
[include...that the] elderly have slower reflexes, resulting in an
inability to react quickly in dangerous situations.