The national preparedness system shall include
recommendations and guidance to support preparedness
planning for businesses, communities, families, and individuals.
If resolution on a particular matter called for in this
directive cannot be reached between or among executive departments and agencies, the matter shall be
referred to me through the Assistant to the President
for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism.
This directive replaces Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)- 8 (National Preparedness),
issued December 17, 2003, and HSPD- 8 Annex I
(National Planning), issued December 4, 2007, which
are hereby rescinded, except for paragraph 44 of
HSPD- 8 Annex I. Individual plans developed under
HSPD- 8 and Annex I remain in effect until rescinded
or otherwise replaced.
For the purposes of this directive:
• The term “national preparedness” refers to the
actions taken to plan, organize, equip, train, and
exercise to build and sustain the capabilities necessary to prevent, protect against, mitigate the
effects of, respond to, and recover from those
threats that pose the greatest risk to the security
of the Nation.
• The term “security” refers to the protection of the
Nation and its people, vital interests, and way of life.
• The term “resilience” refers to the ability to adapt
to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly
recover from disruption due to emergencies.
• The term “prevention” refers to those capabilities
necessary to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened
or actual act of terrorism. Prevention capabilities
include, but are not limited to, information sharing
and warning; domestic counterterrorism; and preventing the acquisition or use of weapons of mass
destruction (WMD). For purposes of the prevention framework called for in this directive, the term
“prevention” refers to preventing imminent threats.
• The term “protection” refers to those capabilities
necessary to secure the homeland against acts of
terrorism and manmade or natural disasters. Pro-tection capabilities include, but are not limited to,
defense against WMD threats; defense of agriculture and food; critical infrastructure protection;
protection of key leadership and events; border
security; maritime security; transportation security; immigration security; and cybersecurity.
• The term “mitigation” refers to those capabilities necessary to reduce loss of life and property
by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitiga-tion capabilities include, but are not limited to,
community-wide risk reduction projects; efforts
to improve the resilience of critical infrastructure
and key resource lifelines; risk reduction for specific vulnerabilities from natural hazards or acts
of terrorism; and initiatives to reduce future risks
after a disaster has occurred.
• The term “response” refers to those capabilities
necessary to save lives, protect property and the
environment, and meet basic human needs after
an incident has occurred.
• The term “recovery” refers to those capabilities
necessary to assist communities affected by an
incident to recover effectively, including, but not
limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for
survivors; restoring health, social, and community
services; promoting economic development; and
restoring natural and cultural resources.
President of the United States
HARTFORD CONSENSUS COMPENDIUM